The use of nanotechnology materials and applications in the construction industry should be considered not only for enhancing material properties and functions but also in the context of energy conservation. This is a particularly important prospect since a high percentage of all energy used is consumed by commercial buildings and residential houses by applications such as heating, lighting, and air conditioning.
Nanotechnology has a significant impact in the construction sector. Several applications have been developed for this specific sector to improve the durability and enhanced performance of construction components, energy efficiency and safety of the buildings, facilitating the ease of maintenance and to provide increased living comfort. Nanoparticles are applied as a final coating on construction ceramics to bring this characteristic to the surfaces. Nanosized particles are used to make surfaces scratch resistant. These surfaces also prevent and decelerate formation of bad smells, fungus and mould.
Basic construction materials cement, concrete and steel will also benefit from nanotechnology. Addition of nanoparticles will lead to stronger, more durable, self-healing, air purifying, fire resistant, easy to clean and quick compacting concrete. Concrete structures also make profit from nano-enhanced coatings that prevent graffiti and other unwanted stains to adhere on to it. In addition to these materials, new lightweight, flame-retardant, self-healing and resilient construction materials, e.g. new nanocomposites, are expected to be helped in their development by nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology will also have a considerable impact on glass and therefore on windows. These windows are commonly called smart windows which implies that they are multifunctional through their energy saving, easy cleaning, UV controlling and photovoltaic features.
Nanotechnology could allow the development of materials with better insulation properties, intelligent structures capable of optimizing the use of energy. New insulating materials have been developed with the help of advances in nanotechnologies: carbon nanotubes, silicon dioxide nanoparticles, copper nanoparticles, etc.
Welcome to the future of Nanotechnology, a science applied by ECONANO.